¨Ï The Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Multiple cerebral cavernous malformations in association with a Dubowitz-like syndrome
Abteen Mostofi, Nihal T. Gurusinghe
Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Preston, PR2 9HT, UK
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are proliferative sinusoidal vascular lesions and are the most common vascular malformations of the brain. They can occur sporadically or secondary to an underlying genetic predisposition where multiple lesions are commonly seen. Dubowitz syndrome is a clinically-diagnosed rare genetic disorder with an unknown molecular
basis. An association between these conditions has not been reported previously. A 30-year-old woman with a Dubowitz-
like syndrome presented with acute left leg weakness, gait ataxia and transient loss of consciousness. Imaging revealed five CCMs with recent hemorrhage in relation to one lesion in the left middle cerebellar peduncle. A recurrent hemorrhage from the same lesion occurred ten weeks later and she underwent microsurgical excision of this malformation. Genetic analysis revealed an unbalanced chromosomal rearrangement involving partial deletion of chromosome 7q21, the locus of the CCM1/KRIT1 gene known to be associated with familial CCMs. This is the first description of CCMs in association with the Dubowitz phenotype. The genetic basis of Dubowitz syndrome may be heterogeneous but, for the first time, overlap is demonstrated between this condition and multiple CCMs, with a possible common genetic etiology. Knowledge of this association may be of help in the management of acute neurological presentations in Dubowitz-like syndromes.
Key words : Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central nervous system, Dubowitz syndrome, Genetics
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