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Abstract - Original Article

J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 2020 22(1): 1-7
The Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Antiplatelet therapy within 24 hours of tPA: lessons learned from patients requiring combined thrombectomy and stenting for acute ischemic stroke
Michael G. Brandel*, Yasmeen Elsawaf*, Robert C. Rennert, Jeffrey A. Steinberg, David R. Santiago-Dieppa, Arvin R. Wali, Scott E. Olson, J. Scott Pannell, Alexander A. Khalessi
Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA

Objective: Although stroke guidelines recommend antiplatelets be started 24 hours after tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), select mechanical thrombectomy (MT) patients with luminal irregularities or underlying intracranial atherosclerotic disease may benefit from earlier antiplatelet administration. Methods: We explore the safety of early (< 24 hours) post-tPA antiplatelet use by retrospectively reviewing patients who underwent MT and stent placement for acute ischemic stroke from June 2015 to April 2018 at our institution. Results: Six patients met inclusion criteria. Median presenting and pre-operative National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores were 14 (Interquartile Range [IQR] 5.5-17.3) and 16 (IQR 13.7-18.7), respectively. Five patients received standard intravenous (IV) tPA and one patient received intra-arterial tPA. Median time from symptom onset to IV tPA was 120 min (IQR 78-204 min). Median time between tPA and antiplatelet administration was 4.9 hours (IQR 3.0-6.7 hours). Clots were successfully removed from the internal carotid artery (ICA) or middle cerebral artery (MCA) in 5 patients, the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) in one patient, and the vertebrobasilar junction in one patient. All patients underwent MT before stenting and achieved thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 2B recanalization. Stents were placed in the ICA (n=4), common carotid artery (n=1), and basilar artery (n=1). The median time from stroke onset to endovascular access was 185 min (IQR 136-417 min). No patients experienced symptomatic post-procedure intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Median modified Rankin Scale score on discharge was 3.5. Conclusions: Antiplatelets within 24 hours of tPA did not result in symptomatic ICH in this series. The safety and efficacy of early antiplatelet administration after tPA in select patients following mechanical thrombectomy warrants further study.
Key words : Acute ischemic stroke, Emergent stenting, Mechanical thrombectomy, Intracranial hemorrhage, Antiplatelet

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