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J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 2016 18(4): 385-390
The Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Severe Cerebral Vasospasm in Patients with Hyperthyroidism
Hyuk-Jin Oh, Seok-Mann Yoon, Jae-Sang Oh, Jai-Joon Shim, Hack-Gun Bae
Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea

Cerebral vasospasm associated with hyperthyroidism has not been reported to cause cerebral infarction. The case reported here is therefore the first of cerebral infarction co-existing with severe vasospasm and hyperthyroidism. A 30-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital in a stuporous state with right hemiparesis. At first, she complained of headache and dizziness. However, she had no neurological deficits or radiological abnormalities. She was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism 2 months ago, but she had discontinued the antithyroid medication herself three days ago. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography showed cerebral infarction with severe vasospasm. Thus, chemical angioplasty using verapamil was performed two times, and antithyroid medication was administered. Follow-up angiography performed at 6 weeks demonstrated complete recovery of the vasospasm. At the 2-year clinical follow-up, she was alert with mild weakness and cortical blindness. Hyperthyroidism may influence cerebral vascular hemodynamics. Therefore, a sudden increase in the thyroid hormone levels in the clinical setting should be avoided to prevent cerebrovascular accidents. When neurological deterioration is noticed without primary cerebral parenchyma lesions, evaluation of thyroid function may be required before the symptoms occur.
Key words : Cerebral vasospasm, Hyperthyroidism, Cerebral infarction

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